In technical terms, reverse cycle air conditioning is the process of removing heat from a confirmed space and removing the sticky humidity – allowing for comfortable and cool air to filter through a property. The reverse cycle air conditioner is used within Australia in both commercial and residential environments and is perfect for cooling or heating rooms or spaces to ensure the perfect climate controlled environment for humans and animals.
In this article, we explore how reverse cycle air conditioners work, the benefits for reverse cycle air conditioning, how to choose the right system for your property and the types of systems that are available in Australia.
Benefits Reverse Cycle Air Conditioner Systems
Reverse cycle air conditioner units remove the heat from the outside air on hot days and on cooler days works to transfer the heat to the inside. The process is fairly simply with a refrigerant being passed through an external coil that absorbs the heat from the outside. The refrigerant is then pumped through a compressor into a fan coil that is inside the home and works to run the reverse cycle air conditioning.
Reverse cycle air conditioning units work to offer more energy efficient cooling and heating that traditional element heaters and are a safer alternative within the home or office.
Advantages of reverse cycle air conditioners include:
- Economical form of heating within the home or office.
- Able to provide heating and cooling in the one central unit.
- Cool to touch at all times.
- No exposure to elements.
- Average life span of 20 years.
- Works to filter and dehumidify air.
Types of reverse cycle air conditioner units include:
- Portable units – usually on wheels which can be rolled throughout a property to where ever the room that requires heating or cooling is located. These units are connected to a power point and are good for people who are renting premises and cannot get permission to install a wall-mounted unit.
- Window and wall units – these are often found attached to the walls of units or small homes and are a cheap form of reverse cycle air conditioning. The unit is mounted to a wall and there is an external unit outside the window or wall that pushes out the heat and conditions the air. The installation requires cutting a hole in the wall for the unit to be installed and these systems work for rooms up to 70msq. These systems are not too popular and are quite noisy when running.
- Split systems – split systems are permanently mounted to walls and have an exterior condenser unit, which is located outside the home. The units are far quiets than window or wall mounted systems, and they can have adjustable louvers and suit rooms up to 100msq. There are also multi-split systems available that work in a number of rooms at the one time.
- Ducted air conditioning systems – these are designed to climate control an environment and are suitable for larger properties. Heating and cooling are distributed through internal ducts in the celling, and there is a centralised controlled in one part of the property.
How to choose the reverse cycle air conditioner for your property
The best way to choose your reverse cycle air conditioner for your property is to focus on the size and the energy rating of the system.
- Sizing First of all, it is important to work out what sizing of reverse cycle air conditioner you will need. So based on whether you live in a house, a unit or if you are installing air conditioning for a commercial property will determine the kW you will need for the unit. The best way to get an accurate reading of what you need is to request a quote from a qualified technician who can use your floor plan to provide a detailed quote of the size you will be air conditioning. If you install a system that is too big you will get poor performance, if you install a unit that is too small you will never get the cooling or heating power you’re looking for, so taking the time to get a correct size of your space will allow you to find out the kilowatts you need for your system.
- Energy rating labels Another way to choose the right reverse cycle air conditioner for your needs is to get one with the best energy rating within your budget. All reverse cycle air conditioners, particularly of the single-phase variety, need to have an energy rating label with between 1 and 6 stars. If you are buying smaller systems such as a window or wall unit or a wall system you will have this sticker on the unit so you can compare. The more stars on the unit, the more efficient, which means you can save hundreds of dollars per year on your heating and cooling. Having an energy efficient system means your performance is higher and your running costs and output lower, which is a win-win when it comes to air conditioning a property.
- Programmable thermostat When you get a reverse cycle air conditioning unit, you should look for a system that allows you to set an appropriate temperature that makes the most of your output. As well as this, you can program when the system comes on and off to avoid peak periods of electricity. If you have the ability to set economy settings on your system aim for this, otherwise you can set your system at set temperatures that make the most out of your unit and focused on energy efficiency.
How does a reverse cycle air conditioner work?
Reverse cycle gets its name due to their ability to remove heat from inside a room to the outdoors, then reverse the process to bring the heat in from the outdoors and inside (when heating is required).
Reverse cycle air conditioning units are efficient and work to use less energy and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. The heat pumps in reverse cycle air conditioning extract air from the outside and transfers it inside.
The systems use refrigerant to warm or cool a property and work on the air inside a property to ensure it is perfectly climate controlled to meet the needs of the occupants. The systems can also filter and remove humidity from the air and are far more efficient that electric heaters.
Be aware that reverse cycle air conditioners won’t work in areas that are less than 5 degrees, which is pretty safe for most areas of Australia. It is also important to note ahead of installation that you have the correct size system for your needs, this can be measured in kW by a trained professional air conditioning expert.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages, however, outlined below are some of the standard for and against for reverse cycle air conditioning systems:
Advantages – Effective form of electric heating in the home or commercial space – Easy to install small units – Can be installed anywhere – Safer than stand alone heaters including bar heaters – Single systems can heat and cool spaces
Disadvantages – Increasing cost of electricity increases running costs – Ducted systems are expensive to install and run – If you lose power, you lose heating or cooling – If you have an existing property, the cost of ducted system is expensive and difficult to install Whether you choose a portable system or a ducted reverse cycle air conditioning system for your entire home, there are plenty of options for heating and cooling if you do the research.
For more information on exploring reverse cycle air conditioner options for your property, speak with a Jim’s air conditioning expert to get a quote and a more detailed overview of the reverse cycle air conditioner prices for your property. Call us now on 1300113516.